With all of the talk about remote market research methodologies, one would think in-person focus groups are dead.
A more accurate statement would be that focus groups are evolving.
As remote focus groups, virtual focus groups, video focus groups, and online focus groups have grown steadily over the past 10 years, COVID-19 and social distancing protocols really pushed this methodology into overdrive.
Online focus groups can provide the same qualitative in-depth feedback as a traditional focus group, but at a fraction of the cost.
It is no surprise that this methodology has taken the market research industry by storm in 2020 and will continue to progress in 2021.
In this ultimate guide, our remote focus group company will cover (click a title to navigate to that section):
- The definition of online focus groups
- Advantages and disadvantages of traditional focus groups
- The benefits of remote focus groups
- How to find participants for remote focus groups
- How to conduct online focus groups
- Best practices when conducting focus groups online
- The cost of an online focus group
Already understand the basics of conducting focus groups in 2021, just need a third-party to help with design, setup, recruiting, moderating, and reporting?
Online focus groups are exactly how they sound. They are focus groups and they are completed online. Easy to understand, right?
Instead of recruiting groups of participants to hold in-person discussions around a table with a focus group moderator, participants are recruited into an online forum such as a Zoom video conference room (or equivalent software).
Similar to traditional, in-person focus groups, participants are able to share their feedback, thoughts, and answers to questions.
Participants also react to others’ answers to create a qualitative dialogue within the forum.
Participants are still screened beforehand and qualified to participate in this form of qualitative research.
Many of the same process components are identical outside of where and how the focus group is hosted.
Kind of like twins, right?
Traditional focus groups have long been a commonly used approach for qualitative research, and they might be the most well-known form of market research around.
In fact when people think about market research services, they likely immediately jump to either focus groups or surveys.
However, times have changed, and the industry is forced to reinvent and think of new ways to collect feedback.
Enter online focus groups.
While this ultimate guide will mainly focus on online focus groups, it is still important to reference both the advantages and disadvantages of in-person focus groups.
Oftentimes organizations that are looking to conduct qualitative research must compare traditional and remote focus groups.
Our market research company covers that in detail here.
In this section, we’ll provide a quick preview of the pros and cons of traditional focus groups.
Advantages of In-Person Focus Groups 👍
When hosting research at a focus group facility, moderators and sponsoring clients can evaluate nonverbal cues that are not necessarily available with online methodologies. Nonverbal cues can be just as valuable as the spoken word.
Nonverbal cues include:
- Facial expressions
- Eye contact
- Body language
Each has its own psychological meaning behind why someone is not making eye contact or is crossing their arms.
For example, say a participant is constantly moving their legs or shuffling their feet. This movement shows researchers that the person is anxious, nervous, or uncomfortable.
Unfortunately, nonverbal cues and communication can be missed when focus groups are not held in-person.
In addition, hosting a focus group in an intimate setting can make participants feel more comfortable expressing their emotions, opinions, and feedback.
The focus group room at Drive Research
Disadvantages of In-Person Focus Groups 👎
Ironically, several of the disadvantages of traditional focus groups are the benefits of online focus groups (which is what we will cover in the next section).
In-person focus groups are more expensive because there are several costs associated with renting a facility, recruiting participants from a limited pool, and honorariums.
Most of the insights garnered in a traditional focus group can be recreated in remote locations.
If your organization struggles to determine which approach is best for your team, consult a market research company like Drive Research for their recommendation.
Our focus group company has both a focus group room and experience executing this study online.
Online focus groups are a growing trend in the market research industry because of the ability to deliver cost-effective qualitative insights in a shorter amount of time. Remote focus groups are chosen for several reasons.
For instance, Drive Research finds these online focus groups work well for busy B2B professionals or C-level decision-makers who may not be able to put aside 2 to 3 hours to travel to a focus group and talk face-to-face.
The main advantages of conducting remote focus groups mostly revolve around cost savings, time savings, and broader geographies for recruitment.
Each of these is discussed in more detail below.
Benefit #1: Cost Savings 💰
The first is cost savings. Without the need to book a focus group facility or send a large team cross-country to moderate and analyze a session, online focus groups can significantly reduce the overhead on a qualitative project.
There is no project management time around booking or securing several aspects of the in-person groups.
Save money on travel.
No travel costs for the moderator. No travel costs for the analysts and note-takers. No travel costs for you as the client to watch the groups live.
The travel portion of qualitative research can prove fun and eventful, but it is also a bulk of the cost involved with qualitative market research. With online focus groups, all efforts are centered around logging into an online platform or website.
No passport necessary.
Save money on stipends.
Without requiring participants to travel to a facility, find directions, park, or take off work, you can lower the reward payout. A $200 reward becomes $100, or even a $150 reward can become $75.
Asking someone to login from the comfort of their own home is much easier than asking participants to face rush hour traffic to get to a facility by 5:30 p.m.
Save money on facility costs.
Since the whole conversation between moderators, viewers, and participants is done online, there is no need for the overhead cost of a facility.
It's sometimes hard to replicate person-to-person and face-to-face contact, but if this is not critical for your project or your key customers are scattered throughout the country, online focus groups can save you on budget here too.
Benefit #2: Save on Time ⏰
Another benefit to video focus groups is time savings. Without any logistics or travel time, the moderator and team can be more efficient by spending time reacting to answers and designing strong questions.
This is time better spent recruiting strong individuals, prepping a good moderator's guide, and actively conducting research by moderating and viewing the focus groups live online. The whole process is way more efficient.
Benefit #3: No Recruitment Limitations 🌎
Recruiting for online focus groups can be much easier (and therefore cheaper) than in-person focus groups.
For instance, if you are looking for a nationally representative sample, you no longer have to select 2 or 3 cities across the United States to host the focus groups.
Your online focus group sample can be made up of participants from Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, Las Vegas, Atlanta, Boston, Syracuse, and more.
Geography doesn't matter as it would with a facility where you'd need to find participants close by to show up. This can be especially beneficial for hard-to-reach participants or with niche audiences.
Benefit #4: Greater Visibility for All
Although you could cram 10 to 12 viewers into a client viewing room of a focus group facility, the room gets tight. The same can be said when trying to fit 30 participants in a room fit for 12.
You won't have these issues with online focus groups.
Most systems allow unlimited or a large number of seats for client viewers as well. You can have 30-40 viewers sign-on and watch the group lives without being elbow-to-elbow.
As mentioned previously in this ultimate guide, geographical barriers are eliminated when finding participants for remote focus groups. This means opinions can be heard from participants around the country or even the world.
With in-person focus groups, location can be an issue if the audience you’re trying to target has a low incidence rate within that specific market.
Remote or video focus groups, on the other hand, allow qualitative recruitment teams to target audiences on a broader level, meaning quotas are a lot more likely to be met.
Many online focus group companies recommend over-recruiting a bit.
So if you'd like 4 people to complete all phases of the focus group, sometimes 6-8 need to be recruited to account for drop-out.
This is much like a normal focus group. In those situations, if your company wants to sit 10 participants, firms will recruit 12+.
In this section, we will share how Drive Research finds participants for online focus groups to ensure a mix of qualified, articulate participants and a good show rate.
Step #1: Start with an online screener 🔎
Just like with a traditional, in-person focus group, Drive Research starts with an online recruitment screener to form a pool of pre-screened and potentially qualified participants.
Either recruitment method allows you to target participants who closely align with any screening criteria you may have - such as gender, age, household income, purchasing history, etc.
Although the recruitment screener is sent to a specific audience, this initial survey is built to ask the essential qualifying information.
This helps give your team a list of prequalified participants to follow-up with, rather than just starting blind with a random sample of people.
Step #2: Follow-up with a phone call ☎️
Once a list of pre-screened participants has been formed, our qualitative recruitment team adds another layer of qualification through a follow-up phone call.
During follow-up phone calls for the remote focus group, you should:
- Confirm the major qualifying criteria. It is easier to tell if someone is lying over the phone as opposed to an online survey.
- Ask any questions not asked in the online screener.
- Ask open-ended questions to confirm the participant is a good fit for the online focus group.
- Provide clear instructions for the online focus group.
Once a participant is qualified and registered, it’s important for the recruiter to provide a clear explanation of exactly how the online focus group will work.
Step #3: Provide more details regarding the online focus group process ⚙️
With a traditional in-person approach, it is easy to share with participants where the focus group facility is located and what time they should arrive.
However, there are more steps and access to technology to confirm with the participant before the day of the online focus groups.
Our online focus group company goes over this with the participant during the follow-up phone call, in a confirmation email, and throughout our reminder communications.
What information to share.
First, the recruiter should make sure the participant has either a laptop, desktop, smartphone, or tablet with a webcam and microphone and internet access. Without a device with such equipment, participating in an online focus group would be impossible.
The recruiter will also explain that they should have a quiet place to be for the entire duration of the group discussion.
To ensure the participant is prepared, you should also explain the logistics of the remote focus group, such as:
- The software you’ll be using
- Sharing test links
- How participants should join the group
- When/how they’ll receive payment (if an incentive was promised)
Step #4: Sending the confirmation email 📧
After explaining how the remote focus group will work, the recruiter will send a confirmation email shortly after the phone call.
The email will contain all of the important information discussed during the phone call, such as:
- Date and time
- The link to join the focus group
- Any other terms and conditions
The participant must reply to the email with a “yes” to confirm their seat in the online focus group and agree to the terms and conditions.
Step #5: Reminder calls and texts 💬
This last step is Drive Research’s key to success.
Our remote focus group company completes reminder calls the day before the group and sends out reminder texts the day of.
In our experience, these reminders are essential to a perfect show rate for remote focus groups.
During the reminder calls and texts, the recruiter is given another opportunity to explain the logistics of the online focus group and answer any questions.
Typically, we’ll remind participants they need to:
- Log on 10 minutes early to avoid any technical difficulties
- Be in a quiet place for the entire discussion
- Use a desktop or laptop with internet access, camera/webcam, and microphone
The best way to explain how Drive Research conducts online focus groups is with a real-world example. The process is similar to a typical focus group. However, the group is held virtually.
In this section, we will outline our online focus group project executed on behalf of a leading manufacturer of an over-the-counter cold product.
On your search for an online focus group company, you will likely receive a few proposals.
In a market research proposal, you will be able to review the project timeline, process, and scope. The length and detail of a proposal will vary with each vendor.
It may be a multi-page PDF document, or it may be a quote in an email string. When you make your choice of a remote focus group company, you will sign a document that outlines the responsibilities of both parties.
Once the proposal is signed, the project can begin!
Kick-off Meeting 🤝
A kick-off meeting is important when executing any type of market research study. It allows the client and third-party to understand the process, timeline, and main objectives.
During our kick-off meeting for the online focus group, our team learned what type of participants the cold product manufacturer wanted to recruit for the focus groups.
For this project, all participants were required to have used a cold product during the previous cold season (October 2018 through March 2019).
Each group consisted of 4 females and 2 males, aged 35 to 54, and a mix of other demographics.
The 3 online focus groups were also separated by those who were users or brand loyalists to (1) the sponsor of the online focus group (2) a competitor (3) a competitor.
Participants are recruited as they usually would be (through phone lists, panels, social media, etc.) and are asked to join an online focus group.
For this client, Drive Research recruited a total of 6 participants per online focus group. This was achieved by reaching out to our in-house targeted panel of participants living in the United States.
Our team also shared organic social media posts to attract interest from our thousands of followers.
Achieving a high show rate.
Those who qualified through the pre-screener survey were then rescreened by telephone to answer additional questions.
From there, qualified participants received a confirmation email in the form of a calendar invite. By doing so, participants are asked to reply “yes” as another form of confirmation.
Additionally, the online focus group participants received a reminder call a day or two before the study was set to take place.
Lastly, the day of the online focus group (both Monday and Wednesday) participants were sent a final reminder text message.
Though what may seem extremely thorough, this qualitative recruitment process of constant reminders helps our market research firm achieve a high participation rate.
Those who participated in the online focus groups received a $75 stipend, processed by Drive Research, as a thank you for their time and insights.
Moderator’s Guide 📓
A moderator's guide is a document used by an online focus group moderator or interviewer to help standardize and add structure to the group discussion. It includes a series of sequenced questions that are pre-written before the fieldwork.
This is essentially the open-ended survey document used by the moderator to ask good thought-provoking questions during the focus group or interview.
Moderator's guides are the key to successful qualitative research, especially remote focus groups. It is a useful tool to ensure the discussion stays on track and that all objectives are addressed for your organization.
A moderator's guide for an online focus group includes the following 4 components.
1. An introductory page.
This section is for internal use only. An introductory page labels the date(s), type(s) of groups, and the screening criteria used to recruit the participants.
2. An introduction or warm-up
This section is for the participants. It includes a little background from the moderator, ground-rules, timing of the group, what to expect, and what the results of the research are used for.
It's always good to include a fun and interactive warm-up activity to help get people comfortable and talking from the onset.
3. Section-by-section breakdown
A section-by-section breakdown of the online focus groups according to the objectives and themes of the research. Virtual focus groups typically work like a funnel.
You start off with very general questions and topics before getting into the meat of the discussion around the middle of the group or towards the end.
These sections are typically time-stamped to help guide the moderator through the 60-minute to 2-hour discussion.
4. A Conclusion
This wraps up any loose ends, including final thoughts or comments.
Hosting the Online Focus Group 🎤
For this particular qualitative recruitment project, there were a total of 2 waves of 3 online focus group sessions.
The online focus groups were held on Monday, June 17, and again, on Wednesday, June 19. The groups were held consecutively at 5:30, 6:30, and 7:30 p.m. ET on each evening.
Each of the 2 focus groups lasted 30 minutes, and participants were required to complete a 15-minute activity between the sessions.
In order to join the online focus group for the cold product, participants were required to use a meeting ID to sign into Zoom, a video communications company that provides remote conferencing services.
For this reason, participants needed to be on a device of sorts, whether it be a desktop, laptop, smartphone, or tablet with a webcam. Particularly participants using a smartphone or tablet needed to download a free app to take part in the focus group online.
During fieldwork, our online focus group company and moderator could assign observers or viewers to the board.
Here, the moderator grants access to team members from the cold manufacturer product sponsor. This allowed the client to write comments on the forum, which can only be seen by the moderator.
As a result, the moderator was able to follow-up with participant questions based on specific questions from the client.
Most commonly, an online focus group report includes a background of the study as well as key findings from the group discussion.
The background and methodology section for this client included:
- Objectives: Why did the cold product manufacturer conduct the online focus groups? What were they hoping to uncover?
- Approach: What was the process for the remote focus groups? What type of participants were recruited? What was the incentive for participants to participate in the group discussion?
- Participant Grid: Outlines participant personas such as their age, education level, and other demographics as it relates to the study.
The key findings section of a market research report outlines high-level questions asked in the online focus group.
It shares overall sentiment and responses from the participants. This section is most helpful in finding actionable insights to drive business decisions forward.
Lastly, our online focus group company includes an appendix in the report. The appendix includes both the recruitment screener survey and the moderator’s guide.
Drive Research has years of experience conducting focus groups online. Our experts have learned how to execute a seamless study for both our participants and our clients.
In this section, Drive Research will share 11 tips every organization should know before starting an online focus group project.
Tip #1: Leverage Familiar Video Conferencing Tools 🧰
Several top video-conferencing platforms (such as Zoom, Google Hangouts, Microsoft Teams, or GoToMeeting) are familiar to many individuals and can be used to conduct a virtual focus group discussion.
While there are platforms designed specifically for video focus groups that provide additional features to support your recruitment process, the research discussion, and the analysis, they aren’t a “must” for getting started.
The tool you ultimately decide on depends heavily on the goals of your qualitative research discussion and the comfort level your organization has with the technology.
Tip #2: Allow for Mobile Participants (with Specific Requirements) 📱
Allow participants to connect via their smartphones. For the most part, smartphones are easily accessible to general consumers and a great tool for participating in video focus groups.
With that said, it’s important to provide some guidance for participants such as:
- Ensuring they have a strong connection (connect to WiFi if needed)
- Using headphones to prevent feedback
- Having the camera be stationary and placed on a desk/counter
Tip #3: Send Calendar Invites (Be Rigorous with Reminders) 🗓️
We all live by our smartphones with notifications and alerts guiding us through the day. Our phones help direct us from one meeting to the next with the “bings” we hear 10 minutes prior to each event.
Calendar invitations are not just for the corporate world.
Most consumer email platforms now automatically sync with the user’s calendar. These calendar invitations will help keep the video focus group top-of-mind and automatically remind the participant of the discussion.
The focus group psychology is to show the participant how important the session is.
Tip #4: Offer Documents and Allow Testing 🧪
It’s important to provide simple and straightforward support material to your participants. This will help set expectations and make first-time participants more comfortable.
Providing a PDF with step-by-step instructions for logging in, an FAQ section, and troubleshooting tips can be valuable.
Additionally, it’s important to provide participants with a test link when conducting video focus groups, allowing them to confirm their software is up-to-date and test their microphone and camera ahead of the group discussions.
Tip #5: Ask Participants to Find a Private Space 🔒
One of the advantages of conducting in-person focus groups is that you have a captive audience, free from distractions.
For video focus groups, it’s important to ask your participants to find a quiet space for the duration of the discussion.
This could be a private office, bedroom, or another space, as long as it’s not outside, a loud space, or the participant trying to complete the discussion on-the-go.
Participants should be asked if they’ll be able to find a private space for the discussion during phone screenings.
Tip #6: Budget Time for Technical Difficulties 😓
It’s important to request participants log in 5 to 10 minutes early. Budgeting this additional time allows the participant and moderator to navigate last-minute technology issues (i.e. software updates, re-connecting a microphone, etc.).
This will ensure the moderator and participants can jump right into the research discussion without eating into the allotted time.
This time is also spent laying out the focus group ground rules.
Tip #7: Find an Engaging Moderator & Call Participants by Name 🗣️
Moderators have several techniques for building rapport and managing group discussions in-person. However, these techniques don’t completely translate to online group discussions.
For example, instead of pointing to a participant to call on them, the facilitator should call people by name to guide the discussion when moderating focus groups.
“Jay - what do you think about that?”
“Susan, what do you think about Jay’s comment?”
These are direct focus group questions. This will keep the discussion moving and enable participant-to-participant engagement.
The bottom line here is it’s important to find a moderator who can build rapport quickly and is comfortable conducting video focus groups. Make sure you include these notes and tips in your focus group discussion guide.
Tip #8: Recruit fewer participants ⬇️
For traditional in-person focus groups, most research firms recruit 8 to 12 participants.
When you have more participants, it is often difficult to hear feedback from everyone, and it can sometimes be challenging when participants get excited and start to talk over one another.
This is especially the case with video focus groups. Recruiting 4 to 6 participants allows for a smooth discussion with a high engagement level from each participant.
With too many participants, you’ll quickly learn how chaotic it can get and learn several lessons on how not to facilitate a focus group.
Tip #9: Think 90-Minutes Instead of 60 ⌛
Similar to a traditional focus group, a 75 to a 90-minute session is really the sweet spot for the length of discussion.
The first 10 or 15 minutes of the session is all about getting participants comfortable with the platform and comfortable sharing input with the group.
This leaves you with just over an hour to focus on your most important topics. However, once you reach the 90-minute mark, participants will start to get fatigued, and it’s a good time to conclude the discussion.
If you extend beyond 90-minutes, it might be viewed as a focus group lecture among participants, and interest will wane.
Tip #10: Remember the Online Focus Group Lifecycle
When you hear the term "lifecycle" you probably immediately jump back to your memories from your marketing class in college. It's the common principle which attempts to define the lifespan of every product.
It claims every product moves through a 4-phase journey from introduction, growth, maturity, and decline, as seen below. Forever ingrained into 20-year-old marketing students' minds.
The flow of an online focus group can follow a similar path. For anyone who's prepared a recruitment screener, built a discussion guide, or moderated remote focus groups, they know it is not something you can just wing.
The best virtual focus groups follow a very specific flow and lifecycle to ensure the feedback you receive meets the research objectives. Without this lifecycle and flow, you run the risk of running a sub-par focus group or limiting your research team from further insights.
What does the focus group lifecycle look like? Each session typically follows a 4-step flow.
Typically, during the introduction, the moderator will run through a section of the guide, which explains the online focus group process, the rules, and the reason for bringing the group together.
The moderator will introduce himself or herself and will then ask the participants to introduce themselves as well.
As part of the introductions, it's helpful to include a fun question or two like what is your favorite TV show, hobby, or even what they plan on spending their reward on. A little humor goes a long way toward building rapport.
Warm-up to Topics
After the 10 to 15-minute warm-up, it's likely participants are still leery or skeptical about the process. This is why it helps to ease them into your main objectives rather than jumping right in.
Some suggested topics for the warm-up section include:
- Word associations
- General perceptions about a product, service, or brand
- Awareness of advertising.
These topics lead participants into a more guided discussion about the real reasons for commissioning the research.
It's kind of like cooking a steak. You can microwave it and have it ready in a shorter timeframe, but it tastes a lot better if you season it, sear it, and then grill it.
Online focus groups are no different. It takes time to warm the participants up and get them ready to provide you with the feedback you need. You can't grill them too early. Clever right?
Peak to Conversation
Now you are ready to tackle your main objectives with your participants. The peak of the conversation should address all of your main topics of the moderator's guide.
At this point, your participants are familiar with the group, have opened up, and have built a rapport with the moderator.
They are more likely than ever to share those golden nuggets we all clamor for in market research.
The reason to tackle these objectives, now rather than later, is related to fatigue. As the clock approaches finish time, participant attention spans wane.
In the final part of the online focus group, you'll want to ensure you have captured your key takeaways.
Did you gather feedback about the core objectives of the market research? Did you learn new insights you were after?
A good final question in remote focus groups is to ask participants if they have any final thoughts or comments about the topic.
Many online or traditional focus group companies have their own unique way of moderating, but Drive Research has found this lifecycle to produce the best results with participants.
Tip #11: Pay Rewards Immediately
Incentives should be distributed immediately after the conclusion of the research discussion.
Research participants are typically paid at the end of an in-person interview or in-person focus group.
There’s no reason to not pay rewards at the end of the online video focus groups. The rewards can easily be sent out in the form of eGift cards (i.e. Visa, Amazon, etc.).
It’s incredibly important to treat your research participants well and reward them in a timely manner. Research cannot be conducted without them!
Some of the best examples of focus groups in marketing are when participants are rewarded immediately.
Well, it depends.
Do you only need qualitative recruiting services? Or are you looking for end-to-end project management?
What is the criteria of your target market?
Are you offering some type of incentive?
Basically what I'm trying to say is the cost of an online focus group is dependent on several different factors and project specifications.
It is difficult to provide one clear cost without understanding exactly what is needed from an online focus group company.
I won't leave you without providing some clarification, though. Before we answer the cost of a remote focus group, Drive Research will ask a few follow up questions.
These are outlined below.
Qualified participants that make up a virtual focus group are closely aligned with a brand's target audience.
For instance, a makeup retailer might be interested in hosting a group discussion with females aged 25 to 45 that wear makeup at least three times a week.
While it is important participants have similar demographics to your customers, the cost of recruitment will increase as the qualifying criteria become more narrow.
The sample size of women aged 65+ with blue eyes is much smaller than say women aged 35+ with blue and brown eyes.
The Key Takeaway: The more narrow your participant criteria is, the more expensive it will be to recruit and find qualified people to join your focus group.
Outsourcing Market Research Services
As we've discussed in this guide, there are several components in an online focus group project. The cost of market research is dependent on what, if any components you choose to administer in-house.
For example, you may hire a market research firm for their qualitative recruitment services and choose to host and moderate the group discussion in-house.
Keep in mind, there is a science behind every market research project. The ROI achieved when conducting a focus group with a third-party often far exceeds qualitative studies done in-house.
The Key Takeaway: While there may need to be more upfront costs when hiring a market research firm for their end-to-end project management services, your team is more like to see an increased ROI in addition to saving time and resources.
The Number of Participants
The more participants you wish to have in each focus group, the great the cost of the focus group. Mainly, because it takes more project management time to recruit more people.
Although done online, our focus group firm recommends hosting no more than 12 people at a time. Anything more and it becomes hard to manage.
The Key Takeaway: The cost of remote focus groups becomes more expensive with the more participants you would like included in the market research.
The Number and Time of Focus Groups
Similar to the number of participants, 3 online focus groups are cheaper than 6. 6 group discussions are cheaper than 8. The time of the focus groups can also impact recruitment costs.
Our market research firm recommends hosting online focus groups after work hours to not conflict with most participants' schedules.
The Key Takeaway: The cost of an online focus group increases with the more number of focus groups you host.
Drive Research is a New York market research company that conducts online focus groups across the country. We work with organizations to design, recruit, and moderate remote focus group sessions with key customers and non-customers.
Interested in partnering with our team for your next online focus group? You can reach our team through any of the four ways below.
- Message us on our website
- Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
- Call us at 888-725-DATA
- Text us at 315-303-2040
A SUNY Cortland graduate, Emily has taken her passion for social and content marketing to Drive Research as the Marketing Coordinator. She has earned certificates for both Google Analytics and Google AdWords.
Learn more about Emily, here.